Mariculture Flour Bluff

Flour Bluff Mariculture Lab

Tzachi SamochaTzachi M Samocha, Ph.D.


To develop super-intensive culture techniques for commercial production of shrimp in Texas and elswhere in the U.S., for human consumption and for live-bait shrimp. Emphasizing environmental stewardship, the Mariculture Laboratory works to minimize environmental impact through use of zero-exchange, closed recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), while testing feed formulations substituting plant-based ingredients in place of fish meal and fish oil. The Lab focuses on research to promote development of new industries in Texas and the U.S., including production of algae biomass for biofuel, and cultivation and management of native halophyte plants to reduce the impact of aquaculture effluents and for production of biofuel.

FlourBluff2Research Objectives:

  • Develop sustainable and cost-effective super-intensive system for the production of food shrimp with no water exchange.
  • Develop sustainable and cost-effective technologies for production of live-bait shrimp in Texas and in the U.S.
  • Identify algal species for cost-effective production of oil-rich biomass for biofuel and other byproducts, using waste power plant flue gas as the carbon source.
  • Develop technology and knowledge to use the halophyte Salicornia as remediation tool of shrimp farm effluent waters, production of biofuel, protein and raw material for the fiberboard industry.

FlourBluff3Impact Statements:

  •  Produced a record 9.53 kg/m3 with > 94% survival in all four replicates of a small-scale, super-intensive RAS trial with the Pacific White Shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, revitalizing interest in shrimp culture in Texas and the U.S.
    Conducted research resulting in 1development of sustainable fish meal and fish oil-free shrimp diets.
  • Produced F4 generation of viral-pathogen-free (VPF) L. setiferus for grow-out trials and distribution to interested local farmers.
  • Obtained funding to design and construct small-scale outdoor raceway system for algae biomass production as part of multi-faceted research program. Work is in progress to identify promising local species while testing CO2 from different sources.
  • Set up Salicornia constructed wetland for proof of concept of aquaculture effluent remediation.


U.S. Marine Shrimp Farming Program; Drs. Fernandez & Falconer, Texas AgriLife Research & Extension Center at Corpus Christi; Drs. Lacy & Nikolov, TAMU-College Station; Dr. Quigg, TAMU-Galveston; Drs. Fox & Strychar, TAMU-CC; Drs. FlourBluff5Martinez, Jones, Uddameri ,TAMU-Kingsville, Drs. Davis, & Hanson, Auburn University; Dr. Sagi, Ben Gurion University, Israel; Drs. Shpigel & Neori, National Center for Mariculture, Israel; Dr. Jang, West Sea Mariculture Center, Korea; Dr. Ayub, University of Karachi & Dr. Dong, Ocean University of China, China, National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts.


Castro, LF, Xu, W, et al.  2014  Comparison of two commercial feeds for the production of marketable Litopenaeus vannamei in super-intensive biofloc-dominated zero exchange raceways.  Aquaculture America 2014.  Aquaculture Am 2014.

Braga, A, Magalhaes, V, et al.  2013.  Use of non-venturi air injection system for production of Litopenaeus vannamei in biofloc-dominate zero-exchange raceways. Aquaculture 2013.  Aquaculture Am 2013 Braga.

Magalhaes, V, Braga, A, et al.  2013.  Comparison of two commercial feeds for the production of marketable Litopenaeus vannamei in super-intensive biofloc-dominated zero exchange raceways.  Aquaculture America 2013.  Aquaculture Am 2013 Magalhaes.

Samocha, TM, Xu, W, et al.  2013.  The effect of two commercial feeds and different C:N ratios on selected water quality indicators and performance of Litopenaeus vannamei juveniles cultured at high density in a biofloc-dominated zer0pexchange outdoor tank system.  Aquaculture 2013. Aquaculture Am 2013 Samocha.

Krummenauer, D, Schveitzer, R, et al.  2012.  Performance of the Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in biofloc-dominated zero-exchange raceways using a non-venturi air injection system for aeration, mixing, and foam fractionation.  Aquaculture America 2012.  Aquaculture Am 2012 Krummenauer.

Samocha, TM, Schveitzer, R, et al.  2012.  Performance of fast-growth Litopenaeus vannamei in super-intensive zero exchange raceways.  Aquaculture America 2012.  Aquaculture Am 2012.


Samocha, T.M., Correia, E.S., Hanson, T., Wilkenfeld, J.S. and Morris, T.C. 2010. Intensive raceways without water exchange analyzed for White Shrimp Culture. Global Aquaculture Advocate July/August 2010:22-24. Global Aquaculture Advocate 2010.

Patnaik, S. and Samocha, T.M. 2009. Improved feed management strategy for Litopenaeus vannamei in limited exchange culture systems. World Aquaculture 40(1):57-59. World Aquaculture 2009

Davis, D.A., Samocha, T.M. and Bullis, R.A. 2005. Feed Ingredients – Working towards the removal of marine ingredients in aquafeeds. International AQUAFEED 8(1):8-11. International AQUAFEED 2005


Tzachi M Samocha, Ph.D.
Regents Fellow & Professor
4301 Waldron Rd.
Corpus Christi, TX 78418

Comments are closed.